Pirouette Vertical Ground Reaction Force of Ballet Dancers and Non-Dancers

Authors

  • Cynthia Hiraga São Paulo State University (UNESP), Biosciences Institute, Campus of Rio Claro, Brazil - [email protected]
  • Camila Siriani São Paulo State University (UNESP), Biosciences Institute, Campus of Rio Claro, Brazil
  • Paulo Ricardo Higassiaraguti Rocha University of São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
  • Débora Alves Souza São Paulo State University (UNESP), Biosciences Institute, Campus of Rio Claro, Brazil
  • José Angelo Barela São Paulo State University (UNESP), Biosciences Institute, Campus of Rio Claro, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20338/bjmb.v14i2.159

Keywords:

Turn, Dance, Rotation axis, Ground reaction froce

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Different amounts of force are needed to produce an effective turn for the pirouette, especially vertical force.

AIM: To examine the vertical force produced by the supporting leg during the execution of a pirouette en dehors of ballet dancer and non-dancer participants.

METHOD: The participants included five ballet dancers who composed the ballet dancer group and eight girls without previous experience of dance training who composed the non-dancer group. The participants were invited to execute the pirouette en dehors on a force platform with each leg as the supporting leg. Two-way analyses of variance were used to test vertical reaction forces between the two groups over the preferred and non-preferred leg.

RESULTS: Among the three vertical forces measured in the present study, the maximum vertical peak for the initial impulse was significantly higher for the ballet dancers compared to the non-dancer girls. The minimum vertical force and maximum vertical peak for the final impulse were similar between both groups.

CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the initial vertical force may be critical to the pirouette en dehors, determining proficient execution of this movement in ballet dancers.

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Published

2020-07-01

How to Cite

Hiraga, C., Siriani, C. ., Rocha, P. R. H. ., Souza, D. A., & Barela, J. A. (2020). Pirouette Vertical Ground Reaction Force of Ballet Dancers and Non-Dancers. Brazilian Journal of Motor Behavior, 14(2), 53–61. https://doi.org/10.20338/bjmb.v14i2.159

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Research Articles

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